Directors should be taxed on their deemed monthly earnings, not their total earnings, explain the experts at the Practical Tax Loose Leaf
To illustrate this, they share an example below. Take a look.
This is why directors must be taxed on their deemed monthly earnings
Let's look at the example of the director of company ABC, Mr Jones.
He earns R15 000 per month at present, but earned R14 500 per month in the prior tax
year; he also received a bonus of R10 000. This means that Mr Jones had total earnings of R184 000 (i.e.R14 500 x 12 months + R10 000) for the prior tax
You should tax
him on his deemed monthly earnings, and not the total i.e. R184 000/12 months = R15 333.
Taxing him on the total figure means Mr Jones is possibly being over-taxed!
He can claim a refund from SARS at the end of the tax
year. Normal employees' tax
will be deducted from the actual earnings, being the R15 000 per month. The employees' tax
on the remaining difference of R333 will be paid by the company. But the company will recover it from Mr Jones either now, or from his loan account. Or it'll deduct it from his bonus later in the year.
If Mr Jones receives a bonus of R10 000 in the current tax
year, then his actual earnings for the year would come to R190 000 (i.e. R15 000 x 12 months + R10 000 bonus). His deemed earnings per month would be R15 833.
Then Mr Jones would be under-taxed, and additional employees' tax
needs to be deducted from his bonus. Remember, PAYE is calculated on either the 'deemed remuneration' or actual remuneration – whichever amount is bigger. In Mr Jones's case, the actual remuneration (R 190 000) is greater than the deemed remuneration (R 184 000). So he'd be under-taxed if PAYE is calculated on the deemed remuneration.
The company – not Mr Jones – must ensure that the minimum amount of employees' tax
is paid to SARS, based on the higher of the actual earnings or the deemed earnings.
Remember that most owner/managers don't receive a fixed monthly salary. Instead, they draw money regularly through a loan account. According totax law, their monthly PAYE liability on these drawings must be calculated by applying a formula to the drawings.
To calculate the monthly remuneration from the CC, use the formula Y = T/N
This formula uses the owner/manager's previous year's earnings as a basisfor current year estimates for monthly remuneration and PAYE payments.
In this formula:
The amount of monthly remuneration .
The adjusted balance of remuneration paid or payable (or the balance of remuneration on which employees' tax
deduction is usually made) to the owner/manager, in his last tax
year prior to the current month. If the prior year's remuneration isn't yet known, use the remuneration of the year prior to that, plus 20%.
The number of full months that the owner/manager was employed by the company/CC, during the tax
year prior to the current month.
If the owner/manager doesn't receive a bonus at the end of the year, he can apply for a directive from SARS, which will give him some tax
relief. He must do this by completing an IRP3(d) form, and submitting it to SARS. This form is available on the SARS website.