Let's have a look at a practical example
For many of us, when a colleague is involved in a crash we tend to concentrate on the end product: ''the crash''. However, it's important not to forget the many little risk factors that bubble away in the background.
By examining a case study of a crash, we can examine these risk factors to develop strategies to prevent a crash happening in the first place.
Dave is 23 years old; he'ss an apprentice telecoms engineer and drives a small bakkie for work. Dave has been involved in a serious crash at a traffic light junction where he has struck and killed a cyclist.
The evening before the day of the crash, Dave was out with friends playing five-a- side soccer. After the game, he went for one normal strength beer in the pub. After the beer Dave was hungry so on the way home he called in at the local pizza place and bought a pizza.
Dave ate the food at home and was in bed for 11:30pm.The next morning he slept through his alarm and woke up one hour late. He rushed out to work without having any breakfast as he was already late. On the way to work Dave started to worry, as this wasn't the first time he'd been late. The last time he was late he'd got into trouble because he'd missed a driving assessment that was booked for him. Missing the appointment cost the company money – which had made his Manager angry.
When Dave got to work, his Manager was waiting for him. No sooner had Dave parked his car his manager told him he had downloaded Dave's job sheet for him and he needed to leave straight away. Dave told him that he had not had any breakfast and would like a coffee before he set off for the day, but his Manager told him to leave for his first job. Dave then told his Manager he needed to complete his daily vehicle checks. But his Manager said the bakkie had been parked up all night it would be fine - there was no time for the vehicle check.
When Dave arrived at his first job, he was pleased to find it was really straight forward and didn't take as long as he'd thought it would.
At lunch time, he was driving towards a set of traffic lights at a busy crossroads. The lights were on green. The speed limit for the road was 40km/h and Dave was travelling at the right speed.
As he crossed the line of the junction he realised he'd hit something.
All he could remember is seeing a flash of yellow coming from his left as he crossed the line of the t-junction. Dave tried to brake but there was no time. The yellow high vis was the vest of the cyclist he'd struck. The cyclist had gone through a red light. Unfortunately the cyclist was killed… But what happens next?
Although there's an argument that says Dave hadn't been in the wrong and the cyclist had been taking a risk, let's take a look at the risk increasing factors from Dave's perspective.
Dave is 23 years old and drives a van for work (this puts Dave in the high risk category by virtue of simply being Dave)
Dave's culture and lifestyle could be a risk factor (eating late, sleeping in etc)
Skipping breakfast can cause people to lose concentration and start to feel fatigued around lunch time as the blood sugar levels drop and vision drops from looking up to looking down
Dave had a history of being late and on the last occasion, missed his scheduled driving assessment
Poor relationship with his Manager (Manager not interested or supportive)
Vehicle checks hadn't taken place
The police will arrive at the scene and start their investigations. It's a requirement that police investigate all incidents as unlawful killings until the contrary is proven and therefore the crash will be treated like a murder scene. Dave may be arrested.
He'll be breathalysed, his mobile phone will be analysed and the van will be impounded. Police officers will complete an accident report form to record circumstances. Information such as day of week, time of day, age of driver(s) weather conditions, will all be logged. The police will also ascertain whether Dave's journey was a work related trip. Officers speak to witnesses and carry out road measurements to piece together the evidence. The police will then visit Dave's place of work and may expect to see the following:
Time keeping records of the driver involved (looking for a history of lateness);
Driving licence checks;
Internal investigation and witness statements;
Telephone call log and telephone will be seized;
Vehicle camera data if appropriate;
Crash history data; and
Incident investigation documents.
Obviously as an employer, it is vital that you have these documents in place, ready for inspection.
What can you do to avoid this happening?
1. Get to know your drivers and actively engage them in creating your organisation'sMORR policies, procedures, systems and training initiatives.
2. Conduct regular toolbox talks
to discuss driving matters, health and wellbeing. Make sure you get things out in the open.
3. Ensure your organisation has a clear and definedcollision / incident investigation and escalation process.
4. Ensure safety checks are performed on all vehicles that are used for work activities. These checks should be recorded and maintained for future reference. Include a robust defect reporting system within your vehicle maintenance and safety check regime.
5. Provide driver training and/or risk assessments for those that have been identified as being at risk. Include the person, the vehicle and the journey within procedures. Keep up to date records that demonstrate both compliance with internal policies and a desire to continually improve safety standards
6. Plan road safety management reviews at least every 6 months to ensure continuing suitability, adequacy and effectiveness of your procedures. Have your systemsaudited by a third party to obtain an unbiased view.
7. Driver records should be up-to-date and readily available to the enforcement agencies upon request following a road traffic crash involving one of your employees.
8. Train all management staff to develop knowledge and skills with respect of managing occupational road risk. Managers should be able to consider the impact of certain events which may increase road traffic crashes. Remember, evaluation is crucial!