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The five phases of a successful emergency plan

by , 24 October 2014
If an emergency happens would you know what to do? Would you be able to help your employees or get them out safely?

You won't be able to do any of that without an effective emergency plan.

To create one, you need to include these five phases...

 

Ensure your emergency plan contains these five phases

 
1. Prevent emergencies by identifying risks
You need to identify risks to create a safe working environment (OHS Act Section 8). You can identify your risks by conducting risk assessments.
 
2. Put controls in place to mitigate risks
After you identify your risks, try control all those risks that could result in an emergency. Include specific guidelines in your policies. For example, job or task specific procedures.
Have disciplinary steps for employees who don't comply with your emergency evacuation policies and procedures. Have regular maintenance plans for your machinery and buildings to reduce the risks of emergencies and accidents.
 
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If there was a fire, violent strike or explosion in your company, would your first aider know what to do?
 
Do your first aiders know what it is?
 
 
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3. Preparation
To prepare for any emergency, there are five tasks you need to have completed to ensure you're ready for any emergency:
 
Task 1: Choose your emergency response team.
Task 2: Make sure you have a loud emergency alarm that works.
Task 3: You need emergency exits and escape routes.
Task 4: Be ready for every emergency evacuation situation.
Task 5: Practice your emergency drills every six months.
 
4. Know how to respond
 
Response #1: Always have a list of emergency numbers clearly displayed. All employees must know where to find this list.
Response #2: Know which alarm to sound for which emergency.
Response #3: Know which assembly point to send employees to.
Response #4: Make sure all your employees know and follow these four general safety points.
 
5. Recovery
The recovery phase begins when the threat to human life is over. In this phase, you must:
• Repair damaged buildings;
• Replace fire equipment;
• Refill first aid kits;
• Have trauma counselling for the affected employees; and
• Fix anything else that you need to repair after the incident or emergency, etc.
 
Now that you know the five phases for any emergency, ensure your emergency plan contains them.
 

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